University of Toronto, BSc
University of Western Ontario, MSc
University of Western Ontario, 1988, PhD


My work focuses on advanced spatial analysis in the physical, health and social sciences, and in the intersection of these areas (e.g., medical biogeography and Geographic Information Science). This includes a focus on both theoretical investigations and innovative applications of GIScience in subject areas where space and place are considered important explanatory elements (e.g. wildlife use of landscape in the Serengeti). My students and I explore such areas as neighbourhood theory and error and accuracy in GIS, modeling, and visualization. This includes the use of spatial analysis in landscape classification, biogeography, medical biogeography, environmental geography, human-ecosystem interactions and conservation biology. Biodiversity informatics is a current interest, as is exploring the social aspects of GIScience and Geospatial technologies, the reflexivities between technology and society. The thread that links this research is the understanding and insight that advanced spatial analysis brings to research and theoretical problems–often unveiling subtleties that would otherwise be overlooked.

Dr. Klinkenberg is currently the editor and project coordinator of E-Flora BC / E-Fauna BC.



VAHIDI, H., KLINKENBERG, B. and YAN, W. 2018 ‘Trust as a proxy indicator for intrinsic quality of Volunteered Geographic Information in biodiversity monitoring programs’ GIScience & Remote Sensing 55(4), 502-538,

ACHESON, E., GALANIS, E., BARTLETT, K., MAK, S. and KLINKENBERG, B. 2018 ‘Searching for clues for eighteen years: Deciphering the ecological determinants of Cryptococcus gattii on Vancouver Island, British Columbia’ Medical Mycology 56(2), 129–144,

BARBIC, D., KLINKENBERG, B., GRUNAU, B. and CHRISTENSON, J. 2018 ‘Do neighbourhoods in Vancouver and surrounding areas demonstrate different rates of bystander CPR and survival for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest?’ Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine 20(1), 53-67,



WALL, J., WITTEMYER, G., LEMAY, V., DOUGLAS-HAMILTON, I. and KLINKENBERG, B. 2014 ‘Elliptical Time-Density Model to Estimate Wildlife Utilization Distributions’ Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5(8), 780-790,

WALL, J., WITTEMYER, G., KLINKENBERG, B. and DOUGLAS-HAMILTON, I. 2014 ‘Novel Opportunities for Wildlife Conservation and Research with Real-Time Monitoring’ Ecological Applications 24(4), 593-601, DOI: 10.1890/13-1971.1



Winter 2018

GEOB370 Advanced Geographic Information Science Sections

Theoretical and practical aspects of Geographic Information Systems, including cartographic modeling, digital terrain models, management issues, and spatial interpolation.

Winter 2018

GEOB373 Introductory Remote Sensing Sections

Aerial photography; measurement from aerial photographs; photo-interpretation in geographic analysis; remote sensing of the earth's surface and atmosphere.

Winter 2018

GEOB479 Research in Geographic Information Science Sections

Students use GIS in primary research applications in conservation biology, crime analysis, and health geography; theoretical and practical aspects considered in a hands-on environment.