Professor Emeritus
McMaster University, BA, Honours
University of Edinburgh, PhD


Research interests focus on geography of the Arctic; human adaptation to, and impact upon, the Canadian North.

Member, Canadian Polar Commission. Former Assistant Dean, Faculty of Graduate Studies, UBC (1969-1975). Former Associate Dean, Faculty of Arts, UBC (1975-1990). Research Planning Committee, Sustainable Forest Management Network/NCE 1996 2005; Chair 1998 2005; Strategic Planning Committee 2005 2010, Chair 2009 – 2010.