Oxford University, 1999, DPhil


My research interests bring together political geography, political ecology, and war studies. I have focused most of my work on the links between natural resources and armed conflicts, but also examined the political economy of war and reconstruction, the resource curse, corruption, as well as natural disasters and political crises. Most of my fieldwork has been conducted in South East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, but I also have a long-standing interest in Latin America. I tend to use historically grounded fieldwork approaches, occasionally using comparative and large-N quantitative methods. While remaining targeted at an academic audience, I have also thrived to make some of my work policy relevant. I am currently working on the governance of extractive sectors, food security, as well as violence and space.

Pr. Le Billon holds a joint appointment in the Department of Geography and the Liu Institute for Global Issues, Faculty of Arts.


PRAUSE, L. and LE BILLON, P. 2020 ‘Struggles for Land: Comparing resistance movements against agro-industrial and mining investment projects’ Journal of Peasant Studies

BELHABIB, D., LE BILLON, P. and WRATHALL, D. J. 2020 ‘Narco‐Fish: Global fisheries and drug trafficking’ Fish and Fisheries

LE BILLON, P., SUJI, M., BANIYA, J., LIMBU, B., PAUDEL, D., RANKIN, K., RAWAL, N. and SHNEIDERMAN, S. 2020 ‘Disaster Financialization: Earthquakes, Cashflows and Shifting Household Economies in Nepal’ Development and Change 51(4), 939-969

SHARP, K., ZERRIFFI, H. and LE BILLON, P. 2020 ‘Land scarcity, resettlement and food security: Assessing the effectof voluntary resettlement on diet quality in Malawi’ Food Security 12, 191–205

BELHABIB, D. and LE BILLON, P. 2020 ‘Illegal Fishing as a Trans-National Crime’ Frontiers in Marine Science 7(162), 1-3

LE BILLON, P., ROA-GARCIA, M. C. and LÓPEZ-GRANADA, A. R. 2020 ‘Territorial peace and gold mining in Colombia: local peacebuilding, bottom-up development and the defence of territories’ Conflict, Security & Development 20(3), 303-333

GAULIN, N. and LE BILLON, P. 2020 ‘Climate change and fossil fuel production cuts:assessing global supply-side constraints and policyimplications’ Climate Policy

PAUDEL, D., RANKIN, K. and LE BILLON, P. 2020 ‘Lucrative Disaster: Financialization, Accumulationand Postearthquake Reconstruction in Nepal’ Economic Geography 96(2), 137-160



SPIJKERS, J., SINGH, G., BLASIAK, R., MORRISON, T. H., LE BILLON, P. and ÖSTERBLOM, H. 2019 ‘Global patterns of fisheries conflict: Forty years of data’ Global Environmental Change 57

VON WYSOCKI, I. T. and LE BILLON, P. 2019 ‘Plastics at sea: Treaty design for a global solution to marine plastic pollution’ Environmental Science & Policy 100, 94-104

SINGLETON, R. L., ALLISON, E. H., GOUGH, C., KAMAT, V., LE BILLON, P.,  ROBSON, L. and SUMAILA, U. R. 2019 ‘Conservation, contraception and controversy: Supporting human rights to enable sustainable fisheries in Madagascar’ Global Environmental Change 59

KAMAT, V. R., LE BILLON, P., MWAIPOPO, R. and RAYCRAFT, J. 2019 ‘Natural gas extraction and community development in Tanzania: Documenting the gaps between rhetoric and reality’ The Extractive Industries and Society 6(3), 968-976

BENNETT, N. J., CISNEROS-MONTEMAYOR, A. M., BLYTHE, J., SILVER, J. J., SINGH, G., ANDREWS, N., CALÒ, A., CHRISTIE, P., DI FRANCO, A., FINKBEINER, E. M., GELCICH, S., GUIDETTI, P., HARPER, S., HOTTE, N., KITTINGER, J. N., LE BILLON, P. […] SUMAILA, U. R. 2019 ‘Towards a sustainable and equitable blue economy’ Nature Sustainability 2, 991–993

LE BILLON, P. and KRISTOFFERSEN, B. 2019 ‘Just cuts for fossil fuels? Supply-side carbon constraints and energy transition’ Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space

SHARP, K., LE BILLON, P. and ZERRIFFI, H. 2019 ‘Land reforms and voluntary resettlement: household participation and attrition rates in Malawi’ The Journal of Peasant Studies 46(5), 956-982

BELHABIB, D., SUMAILA, R. and LE BILLON, P. 2019 ‘The fisheries of Africa: Exploitation, policy, and maritime security trends’ Marine Policy 101, 80-92

GRANT, H. and LE BILLON, P. 2019 ‘Growing Political: Violence, Community Forestry, and Environmental Defender Subjectivity’ Society and Natural Resources 32(7), 768-789

TALLONI-ÁLVAREZ, N., SUMAILA, R., LE BILLON, P. and CHEUNG, W. 2019 ‘Climate change impact on Canada’s Pacific marine ecosystem: The current state of knowledge’ Marine Policy 104, 163-176

MIDDELDORP, N. and LE BILLON, P. 2019 ‘Deadly Environmental Governance: Authoritarianism, Eco-populism, and the Repression of Environmental and Land Defenders’ Annals of the American Association of Geographers 109(2), 324-337



LE BILLON, P. and DUFFY, R. 2018 ‘Conflict ecologies: Connecting political ecology and peace and conflict studies’ Journal of Political Ecology 25(1), 239-260

LIANG, K. and LE BILLON, P. 2018 ‘African migrants in China: space, race and embodied encounters in Guangzhou, China’ Social and Cultural Geography

PAUDEL, D. and LE BILLON, P. 2018 ‘Geo-Logics of Power: Disaster Capitalism, Himalayan Materialities, and the Geopolitical Economy of Reconstruction in Post-Earthquake Nepal’ Geopolitics

BELHABIB, D., DRIDI, R., PADILLA, A., ANG, M. and LE BILLON, P. 2018 ‘Impacts of anthropogenic and natural “extreme events” on global fisheries’ Fish and Fisheries 19(6), 1092-1109

TIMKO, J., LE BILLON, P., ZERRIFI, H., HONEY-ROSÉS, DE LA ROCHE, I., GASTON, C., SUNDERLAND, T. and KOZAK, R. A. 2018 ‘A policy nexus approach to forests and the SDGs: tradeoffs and synergies’ Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 34, 7-12

LE BILLON, P. 2018 ‘Peacebuilding and white-collar crime in post-war natural resource sectors’ Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal 3(1), 80-97,

MASSÉ, F. and LE BILLON, P. 2018 ‘Gold mining in Colombia, post-war crime and the peace agreement with the FARC’ Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal 3(1), 116-134,

SPIEGEL, S. J., AGRAWAL, S., MIKHA, D., VITAMERRY, K., LE BILLON, P., VEIGA, M., KONOLIUS, K. and PAUL, B. 2018 ‘Phasing Out Mercury? Ecological Economics and Indonesia’s Small-Scale Gold Mining Sector’ Ecological Economics 144, 1-11,



SINGLETON, R. L., ALLISON, E. H., LE BILLON, P. and SUMAILA, U. R. 2017 ‘Conservation and the right to fish: International conservation NGOs and the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries’ Marine Policy 84, 22-32,

CONDÉ, M. and LE BILLON, P. 2017 ‘Why do some communities resist mining projects while others do not?’ The Extractive Industries and Society 4(3), 681-697,

LE BILLON, P. and SOMMERVILLE, M. 2017 ‘Landing capital and assembling ‘investable land’ in the extractive and agricultural sectors’ Geoforum 82, 212-224,

RUSTAD, S. A., LE BILLON, P. and LUJALA, P. 2017 ‘Has the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative been a success? Identifying and evaluating EITI goals’ Resources Policy 51, 151-162,



LE BILLON, P. and SAVAGE, E. 2016 ‘Binding pipelines? Oil, armed conflicts, and economic rationales for peace in the two Sudans’ African Geographical Review 35(2), 134-150,

LE BILLON, P. and GOOD, E. 2016 ‘Responding to the commodity bust: Downturns, policies and poverty in extractive sector dependent countries’ The Extractive Industries and Society 3(1), 204-216,


Winter 2019
No GEOG course(s) were found for W2019 term.Winter 2019
No GEOG course(s) were found for W2019 term.Winter 2019
No GEOG course(s) were found for W2019 term.