Oxford University, 1999, DPhil


My research interests bring together political geography, political ecology, and war studies. I have focused most of my work on the links between natural resources and armed conflicts, but also examined the political economy of war and reconstruction, the resource curse, corruption, as well as natural disasters and political crises. Most of my fieldwork has been conducted in South East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, but I also have a long-standing interest in Latin America. I tend to use historically grounded fieldwork approaches, occasionally using comparative and large-N quantitative methods. While remaining targeted at an academic audience, I have also thrived to make some of my work policy relevant. I am currently working on the governance of extractive sectors, food security, as well as violence and space.

Pr. Le Billon holds a joint appointment in the Department of Geography and the Liu Institute for Global Issues, Faculty of Arts.


SHARP, K., LE BILLON, P. and ZERRIFFI, H. 2019 ‘Land reforms and voluntary resettlement: household participation and attrition rates in Malawi’ The Journal of Peasant Studies 46(5), 956-982

BELHABIB, D., SUMAILA, R. and LE BILLON, P. 2019 ‘The fisheries of Africa: Exploitation, policy, and maritime security trends’ Marine Policy 101, 80-92

GRANT, H. and LE BILLON, P. 2019 ‘Growing Political: Violence, Community Forestry, and Environmental Defender Subjectivity’ Society and Natural Resources 32(7), 768-789

LE BILLON, P. and KRISTOFFERSEN, B. 2019 ‘Just cuts for fossil fuels? Supply-side carbon constraints and energy transition’ Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space 0(0), 1-21

TALLONI-ÁLVAREZ, N., SUMAILA, R., LE BILLON, P. and CHEUNG, W. 2019 ‘Climate change impact on Canada’s Pacific marine ecosystem: The current state of knowledge’ Marine Policy 104, 163-176

MIDDELDORP, N. and LE BILLON, P. 2019 ‘Deadly Environmental Governance: Authoritarianism, Eco-populism, and the Repression of Environmental and Land Defenders’ Annals of the American Association of Geographers 109(2), 324-337



LE BILLON, P. and DUFFY, R. 2018 ‘Conflict ecologies: Connecting political ecology and peace and conflict studies’ Journal of Political Ecology 25(1), 239-260

LIANG, K. and LE BILLON, P. 2018 ‘African migrants in China: space, race and embodied encounters in Guangzhou, China’ Social and Cultural Geography

PAUDEL, D. and LE BILLON, P. 2018 ‘Geo-Logics of Power: Disaster Capitalism, Himalayan Materialities, and the Geopolitical Economy of Reconstruction in Post-Earthquake Nepal’ Geopolitics

BELHABIB, D., DRIDI, R., PADILLA, A., ANG, M. and LE BILLON, P. 2018 ‘Impacts of anthropogenic and natural “extreme events” on global fisheries’ Fish and Fisheries 19(6), 1092-1109

TIMKO, J., LE BILLON, P., ZERRIFI, H., HONEY-ROSÉS, DE LA ROCHE, I., GASTON, C., SUNDERLAND, T. and KOZAK, R. A. 2018 ‘A policy nexus approach to forests and the SDGs: tradeoffs and synergies’ Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 34, 7-12

LE BILLON, P. 2018 ‘Peacebuilding and white-collar crime in post-war natural resource sectors’ Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal 3(1), 80-97,

MASSÉ, F. and LE BILLON, P. 2018 ‘Gold mining in Colombia, post-war crime and the peace agreement with the FARC’ Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal 3(1), 116-134,

SPIEGEL, S. J., AGRAWAL, S., MIKHA, D., VITAMERRY, K., LE BILLON, P., VEIGA, M., KONOLIUS, K. and PAUL, B. 2018 ‘Phasing Out Mercury? Ecological Economics and Indonesia’s Small-Scale Gold Mining Sector’ Ecological Economics 144, 1-11,



SINGLETON, R. L., ALLISON, E. H., LE BILLON, P. and SUMAILA, U. R. 2017 ‘Conservation and the right to fish: International conservation NGOs and the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries’ Marine Policy 84, 22-32,

CONDÉ, M. and LE BILLON, P. 2017 ‘Why do some communities resist mining projects while others do not?’ The Extractive Industries and Society 4(3), 681-697,

LE BILLON, P. and SOMMERVILLE, M. 2017 ‘Landing capital and assembling ‘investable land’ in the extractive and agricultural sectors’ Geoforum 82, 212-224,

RUSTAD, S. A., LE BILLON, P. and LUJALA, P. 2017 ‘Has the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative been a success? Identifying and evaluating EITI goals’ Resources Policy 51, 151-162,



LE BILLON, P. and SAVAGE, E. 2016 ‘Binding pipelines? Oil, armed conflicts, and economic rationales for peace in the two Sudans’ African Geographical Review 35(2), 134-150,

LE BILLON, P. and GOOD, E. 2016 ‘Responding to the commodity bust: Downturns, policies and poverty in extractive sector dependent countries’ The Extractive Industries and Society 3(1), 204-216,


PETERSEN ST-LAURENT, G. and LE BILLON, P. 2015 ‘Staking claims and shaking hands: Impact and benefit agreements as a technology of government in the mining sector’ The Extractive Industries and Society 2(3), 590-602,

BELHABIB, D., SUMAILA, U. R., LAM, V. W. Y., ZELLER, D., LE BILLON, P., KANE, E. A. and PAULY, D. 2015 ‘Euros vs. Yuan: Comparing European and Chinese Fishing Access in West Africa’ PLOS ONE

GAMU, J., LE BILLON, P. and SPIEGEL, S. 2015 ‘Extractive Industries and Poverty: A Review of Recent Findings and Linkage Mechanisms’ Extractive Industries and Society 2(1), 162-176,



PÉREZ NIÑO, H. and LE BILLON, P. 2014 ‘Foreign Aid, Resource Rents, and State Fragility in Mozambique and Angola’ The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 656(1), 79-96,

SOMMERVILLE, M., ESSEX, J. and LE BILLON, P. 2014 ‘The ‘Global Food Crisis’ and the Geopolitics of Food Security’ Geopolitics 19(2), 239-265,

GONG, Q. and LE BILLON, P. 2014 ‘Feeding (On) Geopolitical Anxieties: Asian Appetites, News Media Framing and the 2007–2008 Food Crisis’ Geopolitics 19(2), 291-321,

LE BILLON, P. 2014 ‘Natural resources and corruption in post-war transitions: Matters of trust’ Third World Quarterly 35(5), 770-786,



Winter 2019

GEOG329 Political Geography Sections

The heritage of political geography; the spatial structure of political organization including regional and global structures.

Winter 2019

GEOG390A Geography of Selected Regions - SELECTED REGIONS Sections

A geographical analysis of selected regions not regularly included in the Department's offerings in regional geography (e.g., tropical Africa, Oceania). Students should consult the Department regarding regions to be covered.

Winter 2019

GEOG496 Geography of Africa Sections

A comparative regional analysis of Africa with a focus on contemporary environmental and development issues. Credit will be allowed for only one of GEOG 396 and 496.