Assistant Professor
University of California, Berkeley, 2016, PhD
Carleton University, MSc
McGill University, BSc


I study the exchange of carbon, water and energy between ecosystems and the atmosphere. I investigate how land atmosphere exchanges of greenhouse gas fluxes respond to a changing climate and disturbances, and how we can modify land management practices for climate change mitigation and adaptation. I also seek to understand how ecosystem responses to global change can feedback to slow or accelerate future climate change. I combine micrometeorological measurements with remote sensing and modelling to understand soil-plant-atmosphere interactions across a range of spatial and temporal scales. This research is done in collaboration with a broad group of researchers and institutions to help inform and advance climate policy.


FEAGIN, R. A., FORBRICH, I., HUFF, T. P., BARR, J. G., RUIZ-PLANCARTE, J., FUENTES, J. D., NAJJAR, R. G., VARGAS, R., VÁZQUEZ-LULE, A., WINDHAM-MYERS, L., KROEGER, K. D., WARD, E. J., MOORE, G. W., LECLERC, M., KRAUSS, K. W., STAGG, C. L., ALBER, M., KNOX, S. H., SCHÄFER, K. V. R., BIANCHI, T. S., HUTCHINGS, J. A., NAHRAWI, H., NOORMETS, A., MITRA, B., JAIMES, A., HINSON, A. L., BERGAMASCHI, B., KING, J. S. and MIAO, G. 2020 ‘Tidal Wetland Gross Primary Production Across the Continental United States, 2000–2019’ Global Biogeochemical Cycles 34(2)



KNOX, S. H., JACKSON, R. B., POULTER, B., MCNICOL, G., FLUET-CHOUINARD, E., ZHANG, Z., HUGELIUS, G., BOUSQUET, P., CANADELL, J. G., SAUNOIS, M. […] ZONA, D. 2019 ‘FLUXNET-CH4 Synthesis Activity: Objectives, Observations, and Future Directions’ Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 100(12), 2607–2632

PELTOLA, O., VESALA, T., GAO, Y., RÄTY, O., PAVEL, A., AURELA, M., CHOJNICKI, B., DESAI, A. R., DOLMAN, A. J., EUSKIRCHEN, E. S., FRIBORG, T., GÖCKEDE, M., HELBIG, M., HUMPHREYS, E., JACKSON, R. B., JOCHER, G., JOOS, F., KLATT, J., KNOX, S. H., KOWALSKA, N., KUTZBACH, L., LIENERT, S. […] AALTO, T. 2019 ‘Monthly gridded data product of northern wetland methane emissions based on upscaling eddy covariance observations’ Earth System Science Data Discussions 11(3), 1263–1289
KIM, Y., JOHNSON, M. S., KNOX, S. H., BLACK, T. A., DALMAGRO, H. J., KANG, M., KIM, J. and BALDOCCHI, D. 2019 ‘Gap‐filling approaches for eddy covariance methane fluxes: A comparison of three machine learning algorithms and a traditional method with principal component analysis’ Global Change Biology 26(3), 1499-1518
MCNICOL, G., KNOX, S. H., GUILDERSON, T. P., BALDOCCHI, D. D. and SILVER, W. L. 2019 ‘Where old meets new: An ecosystem study of methanogenesis in a reflooded agricultural peatland’ Global Change Biology 26(2), 772-785



KNOX, S. H., WINDHAM-MYERS, L., ANDERSON, F. E., STURTEVANT, C. and BERGAMASCHI, B. 2018 ‘Direct and Indirect Effects of Tides on Ecosystem‐Scale CO2 Exchange in a Brackish Tidal Marsh in Northern California’ Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 123(3), 787-806

WINDHAM-MYERS, L., BERGAMASCHI, B., ANDERSON, F., KNOX, S. H., MILLER, R. and FUJII, R. 2018 ‘Potential for negative emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4 and N2O) through coastal peatland re-establishment: Novel insights from high frequency flux data at meter and kilometer scales’ Environmental Research Letters 13(4), 045005

EICHELMANN, E., HEMES, K. S., KNOX, S. H., OIKAWA, P. Y., CHAMBERLAIN, S. D., STURTEVANT, C., VERFAILLIE, J. and BALDOCCHI, D. D. 2018 ‘The effect of land cover type and structure on evapotranspiration from agricultural and wetland sites in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta, California’ Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 256-257, 179-195

HEMES, K., EICHELMANN, E., CHAMBERLAIN, S., KNOX, S. H., OIKAWA, P., STURTEVANT, C., VERFAILLIE, J. and BALDOCCHI, D. D. 2018 ‘A Unique Combination of Aerodynamic and Surface Properties Contribute to Surface Cooling in Restored Wetlands of the Sacramento‐San Joaquin Delta, California’ Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 123(7), 2072-2090

HEMES, K., CHAMBERLAIN, S., EICHELMANN, E., KNOX, S. H., and BALDOCCHI, D. D. 2018 ‘A Biogeochemical Compromise: The High Methane Cost of Sequestering Carbon in Restored Wetlands’ Geophysical Research Letters 45(12), 6081-6091

DEVENTER, M. J., JIAO, Y., RHEW, R. C., TURNIPSEED, A., KNOX, S. H., LEWIS, J., ANDERSON, F. and MILLER, B. 2018 ‘Ecosystem‐Scale Measurements of Methyl Halide Fluxes From a Brackish Tidal Marsh Invaded With Perennial Pepperweed (Lepidium latifolium)’ Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 123(7), 2104-2120

HOLMQUIST, J. R., WINDHAM-MYERS, L., BERNAL, B., BYRD, K., CROOKS, S., GONNEEA, M., HEROLD, N., KNOX, S. H., KROEGER, K., MCCOMBS, J., MEGONIGAL, P., MENG, L., MORRIS, J., SUTTON-GRIER, A., TROXLER, T. and WELLER, D. 2018 ‘Uncertainty in United States coastal wetland greenhouse gas inventorying’ Environmental Research Letters 13, 115005



KNOX, S. H., DRONOVA, I., STURTEVANT, C., OIKAWA, P. Y., MATTHES, J. H., VERFAILLIE, J. and BALDOCCHI, D. D. 2017 ‘Using digital camera and Landsat imagery with eddy covariance data to model gross primary production in restored wetlands’ Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 237-238, 233-245

MCNICOL, G., STURTEVANT, C. S., KNOX, S. H., DRONOVA, I., BALDOCCHI, D. D. and SILVER, W. L. 2017 ‘Effects of seasonality, transport pathway, and spatial structure on greenhouse gas fluxes in a restored wetland’ Global Change Biology 23(7), 2768-2782  doi: 10.1111/gcb.13580

OIKAWA, P. Y., JENERETTE, G. D., KNOX, S. H., STURTEVANT, C., VERFAILLIE, J., DRONOVA, I., POINDEXTER, C. M., EICHELMANN, E. and BALDOCCHI, D. D. 2017 ‘Evaluation of a hierarchy of models reveals importance of substrate limitation for predicting carbon dioxide and methane exchange in restored wetlands’ Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 122(1), 145-167

OIKAWA, P. Y., STURTEVANT, C. S., KNOX, S. H., VERFAILLIE, J., HUANG, Y. W.  and BALDOCCHI, D. D. 2017 ‘Revisiting the partitioning of net ecosystem exchange of CO2 into photosynthesis and respiration with simultaneous flux measurements of 13CO2 and CO2, soil respiration and a biophysical model, CANVEG’ Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 234-235, 149-163

XIN, F., XIAO, X. M., ZHAO, B. I. N., MIYATA, A., BALDOCCHI, D., KNOX, S. H., SHIM, K., CHEN, B., LI, X., WANG, J., DONG, J. and BIRADAR, C. 2017 ‘Modeling gross primary production of paddy rice cropland through analyses of data from CO2 eddy flux tower sites and MODIS images’ Remote Sensing of Environment 190, 42-55



POINDEXTER, C. M., BALDOCCHI, D. D., MATTHES, J. H., KNOX, S. H. and VARIANO, E. A. 2016 ‘The contribution of an overlooked transport process to a wetland’s methane emissions’ Geophysical Research Letters 43(12), 6276-6284

BALDOCCHI, D., KNOX, S. H., DRONOVA, I., VERFAILLIE, J., OIKAWA, P., STURTEVANT, C., MATTHES, J. H. and DETTO, M. 2016 ‘The impact of expanding flooded land area on the annual evaporation of rice’ Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 223, 181-193

KNOX, S. H., MATTHES, J. H., STURTEVANT, C., OIKAWA, P. Y., VERFAILLIE, J. and BALDOCCHI, D. 2016 ‘Biophysical controls on interannual variability in ecosystem‐scale CO2 and CH4 exchange in a California rice paddy’ Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 121(3), 978-1001

ANDERSON, F. E., BERGAMASCHI, B., STURTEVANT, C., KNOX, S. H., HASTINGS, L., WINDHAM-MYERS, L., DETTO, M., HESTIR, E. L., DREXLER, J., MILLER, R. L., MATTHES, J. H., VERFAILLIE, J., BALDOCCHI, D., SNYDER, R. L. and FUJII, R. 2016 ‘Variation of energy and carbon fluxes from a restored temperate freshwater wetland and implications for carbon market verification protocols’ Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 121(3), 777-795

STURTEVANT, C., RUDDELL, B. L., KNOX, S. H., VERFAILLIE, J., MATTHES, J. H., OIKAWA, P. Y. and BALDOCCHI, D. 2016 ‘Identifying scale‐emergent, nonlinear, asynchronous processes of wetland methane exchange’ Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 121(1), 188-204



Winter 2020

GEOB300 Microscale Weather and Climate Sections

Meteorology and climatology at the micro-, local, and meso-scales. Interactions between land surfaces and atmosphere. Basics of atmospheric turbulence and transfer processes. Microclimates on scales of a leaf to those of a large valley.

Winter 2020
No GEOB course(s) were found for W2020 term.